Digital terrain model for the Suki Kinari Region,
PakistanGeomorphology is the study of earth surface
landforms and processes and provides an understanding of landform
change and evolution, as well as the processes and materials
involved. Geomorphological information captured as maps or models
can be incorporated into developing broader ground models for a
site or project. Such models are used to target further
investigations, delineate ground hazards and aid identification and
quantification of risk.
The techniques utilised include interpretation of aerial
photography or satellite imagery, 3-D analysis and visualisation of
areas plus direct field mapping of ground surface landforms. These
can be combined into project geographical information systems to
integrate data across the project environment and allow a user
friendly interface with all geomorphological information for the
whole of the project team.
Geomorphology of the railway embankment at
Wheatsheaf Lane, Essex
Applied geomorphology can be used
at all stages of a project from pre-feasibility through to design
and implementation and construction. Examples of applications
include identification of preferred routes for linear
infrastructure such as highways, railways and pipelines, or
locations for buildings or developments, and to understand temporal
changes in landforms such as landslides at preconstruction,
construction and post construction phases.
Mott MacDonald has extensive experience carrying out applied
geomorphological studies in a variety of environments for a wide
variety of engineering projects. We’ve completed geomorphological
studies to develop risk based solutions for infrastructure, aerial
geomorphology studies of mountainous areas to identify large
landslide complexes within possible dam sites and identify the
nature and extent of coastal erosion hazards.
Geomorphology has applications on all projects, both large and
small, and is a proven method for improving understanding of the
ground conditions and natural terrain hazards and risks. Applied
geomorphology is a particularly cost-effective method and plays an
integral role in most civil engineering projects.